|Bailey in the OJ Simpson Trial|
Legendary cross-examiner F. Lee Bailey stressed the importance of keeping eye contact with the witness during cross-examination. In Cross-Examination Handbook, we use Bailey’s impeachment of Detective Mark Furhman as an illustration of how to contradict a witness. Watch the video to see Bailey at work in clips of his cross-examinations in the O. J. Simpson case.
Bailey emphatically states that you should never take your eyes off of the eyes of the person you are cross-examining because they are the window into the witness’s mind. They will tell when the witness is fudging or outright lying. If the person is a practiced liar, he points out that their expression never changes. As you watch the video clips of his cross-examinations, you can see him adhering to this principle.
To maintain eye contact, Bailey says the cross-examiner must cross-examine without notes. Leave your notes behind and only if you must go to counsel table and check them before resuming the cross. While eye-to-eye contact is critical, the vast majority of trial lawyers should have their notes in front of them or nearby. Why? Because they are not F. Lee Bailey’s. Most lawyers who attempt cross-examination without notes fail. They move from subject to subject, becoming impossible to follow. They repeat what was covered during direct, giving strength to the other side’s case. They fail to take advantage of the opportunity that cross-examination provides to tell the examiner’s story of the case and emphasize the cross-examiner’s themes.
Eye contact can be maintained while using notes of the type we describe in the Cross-Examination Handbook because they are simple and easy to reference. Counsel merely glances at the notes when necessary, then looks the witness in the eyes while both asking the question, listening to the answer and asking follow-up questions.